AN AUDIT OF THE NATIONAL HEALTH, EDUCATION AND GENDER POLICY FRAMEWORKS IN ATTAINING THE MDGs IN NIGERIA
ISBN: 978-978-50222-0-9 2011
As the 2015 target implementation deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approaches, Nigeria has failed to show consistent credible advancements in fulfilling this International public charter. This is despite the numerous strategies and policies already adopted by different Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) respectively; and yet Nigeria cannot lay claim to substantial or meaningful achievements in this regard. Clearly, there are daunting challenges that remain evident in articulating the full implementation of the MDGs across the diverse spectrum of the developmental fabric of Africa’s most populous nation.
Available figures on the state of implementation of respective MDGs indicators depict a rather disappointing outcome e.g. 157 deaths per 1,000 live births, 98% failure rates in the education sector, over 3 million malnourished children from excessive levels of food insecurity, extensive environmental degradation and associated public health implications from the impacts of climate change collectively portray a sluggish attempt at attaining the MDGs within the 2015 framework.
On the other hand, the Nigerian government has made considerably strides in the promotion of established policies to combat HIV/AIDS as well as other public health concerns. However, this does not extend to the provision of portable drinking water or tackling general hygiene, environmental as well as sanitation concerns across the country. This is because although most of the required policies may be in place (or alternatively have been adopted), there is an apparent implementation gap between existing policies and the corresponding practice on ground.
This formed the background of building institutional support for the effective service delivery of the MDGs, through the conduct of an audit of the National Health, Education and Gender policy frameworks in Nigeria. Hence this can only be achieved through the assessment, appraisal and purposeful critique of the existing policy frameworks to determine their relevance and service delivery potentials. As a part strategy to the realization of the MDGs in Nigeria, this publication advocates for the active and constructive engagement of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in building partnership networks with parliamentarians, enacting comprehensive fiscal responsibility and public procurement laws, as well as stepping up lobbying and legislative advocacy campaigns, which in turn gives voice to the poor by enhancing service delivery and accountability of development initiatives to achieve the respective targets of the MDGs.
The review of the existing federal government allocations to Women Affairs (1999 – 2007), health budget estimates (1999 – 2007) and the study of key NSHDP target indicators and estimated costs (2010 – 2015) were collectively audited to provide a knowledge base to make informed suggestions on bridging the implementation gaps in attaining the MDGs i.e. to develop recommendations to build effective institutional support for MDGs service delivery in Nigeria. Additional recommendations put forward in this report, covered the national gender policy, welfare indicators to propagate the broad delivery of strategic policy outcomes in the targeted instruments for protecting vulnerable groups in the implementation of the MDGs.
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