CISLAC-SOTU Resources

The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights

Context and Background
The Organization of African Unity adopted the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (Also known as the Banjul Charter) in 1981 and the charter entered into force on 21 October 1986. 21 October is the African Human Rights day. To date, all Member States of the African Union (AU) are party to the charter except the newly established state of South Sudan. The Banjul Charter covers both civil and political rights as well as economic, social and cultural rights. The charter, furthermore, not only includes rights for individuals but also for peoples. In addition, it also imposes duties, which is unique in international human rights instruments. The instrument is strongly African in focus, aiming to further African values and build on the virtues of African historical traditions, while alleviating human rights violations. The charter is an international legal instrument intended to promote and protect human rights and […]

The African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance

The African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance
Context and Background
The African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance (the Democracy Charter) was adopted on 30 January 2007 during the 8th ordinary session of the Assembly of the African Union (AU) and it came into effect on February 15, 2012. It is currently ratified by 17 countries. The Democracy Charter is a response to decades of poor governance and particularly mismanagement of electoral processes, human rights abuses, inadequate participation of all Africans in their governance and unconstitutional changes of government. It aims to reinforce the commitment of the African states through the AU towards the universal values of democracy, respect for human rights, the rule of law, supremacy of the Constitution and constitutional order in the political arrangements of States.
The Issues
The principles of the Charter include the  promotion of democratic values and participatory democracy, separation of powers, holding of regular, credible and transparent elections, gender equality and […]

Protocol to the Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community relating to the Pan- African Parliament

Protocol to the Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community relating to the Pan- African Parliament
Context and Background
The Pan African Parliament (PAP) is one of the 11 organs of the African Union (AU) as stipulated in the Constitutive Act of the AU. Also known as the African Parliament, it is the legislative body of the African Union and it exercises oversight, and has advisory and consultative powers. It was established by the protocol to the treaty establishing the African Economic Community (AEC) relating to the Pan-African Parliament adopted by the African Union in 2001. The protocol was adopted on 14 December 2003 and it held its inaugural session in March 2004. Currently 47 countries have ratified the protocol. It was created as a means to further consolidate the aspirations of Africans for greater unity, solidarity and cohesion in a larger community in light of the rich African diversity. This continental […]

The Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community

The Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community
 Context and Background
The African Economic Community Treaty (AEC and also known as the Abuja Treaty) was adopted by the African Union (AU) in 1991 and came into force on 12 May 1994. It is a treaty establishing grounds for mutual economic development among African states through a gradual process by coordination, harmonization and progressive integration of the activities of existing and future regional economic communities (RECs) in Africa. The RECs are regarded as the building blocks of the AEC. The stated goals of the organization include the creation of free trade areas, customs unions, a single market, a central bank, and a common currency thus establishing an economic and monetary union by 2028.

The Issues
The aim of the AEC is to promote economic, social and cultural development as well as African economic integration in order to increase self-sufficiency and indigenous development and to […]