We, the ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Fisheries and Aquaculture, having met with AUCC in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 01-02 may 2014, on the theme of the Year of Agriculture and food security : Transforming Africa’s Agriculture for Shared Prosperity and improvement livelihoods through Harnessing Opportunity for conclusive Growth and Sustainable Development;
Recognizing and appreciating the Africa Union Assembly of Heads of state and Government for having declared, during its 19th Ordinary session, the year 2014 to be the year of Agriculture and Food Security, marking the 10th Anniversary of the adoption of the comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programmed (CAADP).
Acknowledging the progress made in the realization of the 2003 Maputo Declaration on Agriculture as enshrined in the CAADP framework, the challenges faced, the important lesson learnt over the last decade through implementation of CAADP, and reflecting on the prospects and opportunities of accelerated agricultural growth and transformation through sustaining the momentum.
Convince the accelerated agricultural growth and transformation is a sine qua non for achieving Africans’ aspirations for shared prosperity, improve livelihood and dignity, as well as peace and security.
Stressing the significance of ensuring that all segments of our populations, particularly women, the youth and other disadvantaged sector or our societies, must participate and directly benefit from the growth opportunities.
Also convinced that success in an inclusive agricultural growth and transformation will have the most direct, positive consequential impact on achieving broader sustainable development goal in Africa, including poverty reduction, greater social equality and better environmental stewardess.
Recognizing the need for enhancing conservation and sustainable use of fisheries and aquaculture resources through coherent policies as well as governance institutional arrangement at national and regional levels,
Acknowledging the potential of the aquaculture sector to generate wealth, social benefits and contribute to the development of the Africa economy, and the importance of fish and fish production in food and nutrition security and livelihoods; considering the need to harness the benefits of Africa’s fisheries and aquaculture endowments through acceleration trade and marketing.
Emphasizing recognizing the role of research and science in transforming fisheries and aquaculture production and productivity.
Concerned over the limited value addition in fisheries and aquaculture coupled with the high level of post-harvest losses especially in small scales fisheries, and taking note of the absence of specific financial mechanism to support SMEs in fisheries and aquaculture.
1. Commend the Africa Union Commission (AUC)and the NEPAD coordination and planning Agency (NPAC) for articulate for vision and goals for Accelerated Africa’s Agricultural Growth and Transformation to be achieved during the next decade ,on which we deliberated during our meeting;
2. Endorse the report of Senior Officials and Experts of Agriculture, Rural Development Fisheries and Aquaculture, who met from 29-30 April 2014;Also endorse the key messages that arose from the interaction discussion that we held with stakeholders on the basis of the proposed vision and goals.
3. Hereby adopt the following Resolution:
a) On Acceleration of inclusive growth of Agricultural Production and Productivity, to
i. double the current level of annual growth in Agricultural Total Factor Productivity (ATFP)
ii. Support production and utilization of cost-effective and quality Agricultural input (for crops, livestock, fisheries and aquaculture) that are affordable and accessible to all stakeholders.
iii. Invest in effective water management and irrigation infrastructure to facilitate a stable and predictable water supply system, as well as affordable, reliable renewable energy for agricultural production.
iv. Put in place measures and mechanisms for ensuring equal access to opportunities, including land, productive assets, knowledge information and skills, for women, the youth, pastoral group and other socially disadvantaged groups:
v. Endorse the science agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) to increase the level of ATFP annual growth through technology generation, dissemination and adoption, and skilled human resources.
vi. Endorse the Guiding Principles on Large Scale land Based investments (LSLB) in Arica, prepared by the joint AUC-AFDB-ECA Land Policy Initiative, that is aimed at assisting Member States to generate on optimum benefit from such investments.
b) On harnessing markets and trade opportunities, to
i. Accelerate intra and inter-regional trade in Africa aimed at bolstering demand for Africa agricultural products, including simplifying and formalizing the current trade practices.
ii. Fast-track establishment of continental Free Trade Area (CETA) and adopt a continental Common External Tariff (CET) Scheme to promote intra-African value-addition and trade Africa value-addition and trade in food and agriculture, without compromising quality and standards.
iv. Reform policies and institutions to facilitate investment in markers and trade infrastructure and promote inclusive regional value chain development, focusing on strategically selected agricultural commodities.
v. Commit to coordination mechanisms put in place at continental level to promote Africa common position in agriculture-related international trade negotiations and partnership agreements.
vi. Strengthen the capacities of smallholder producers in the areas of entrepreneurships, leadership and organization development, negotiations and entry to markets including contracting.
vii. Invest in infrastructure for market and value-chain development at national, regional and continental levels, including, local manufacturing transport, energy, ICT, post-harvest processing and distribution.
viii. Support and facilitate preferential entry and participation for women and youth in gainful and attractive agri-business opportunities.
c) On achievement of food and nutrition security goals, to
i. Commit to ending hungry by 2025.
ii. Take concrete measures that ensure good governance and necessary policy reform and legal frameworks to prioritise food and nutrition food and nutrition security agenda towards meeting the 2025 ending hungry goal.
iii. Develop and operationalise social protection packages and agro-entrepreneurship programs that target rural smallholders, especially women and youth.
iv. Develop and apply context-specific and realistic indicators for tracking nutrition security, considering the complexity of the food and nutrition security issue.
v. integrate animal welfare issues as an important part of agriculture development and transformation and as key strategy towards realizing the food and nutrition security goals.
vi. Consider the development of an African position on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and capacity for Africa to take advantage of the opportunities.
vii. Strengthen strategic food and cash reserves to respond to food shortages occasioned by periodic prolonged droughts or other disasters/emergencies.
viii. Strengthen early warning systems to facilitate advanced and proactive responses to disasters and emergencies with food and nutrition security implications.
ix. Target priority geographic areas and community groups for interventions on Food and Nutrition.
x. Encourage and facilitate increased consumption of locally produced food items, including the promotion of innovative school feeding programs that use food items sourced from the local farming community.
d) On resilience building and risk management, to
i. Support the integration of the resilience-building agenda into Africa’s contribution to the post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, sustainable development agenda and climate agreement.
ii. Accelerate implementation of the climate change Response strategies at national level and the Arica Regional strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction and its Programme of Action in line with the Hyogo Framework for Action(HFA)
iii. Support capacity development and increase investments for resilience building initiatives, including social security for rural workers.
iv. Integrate climate change adaption and disaster risk reduction programmes and mainstream both into NAIPs AND RAIPs.
v. Strengthen and actively participate in continental, regional and national platforms for enhanced coordination, experience sharing and mutual learning.
vi. lmprove availability and access by small holder farmers to reliable and up to date climate and risk information, knowledge, technology and instruments(e.g., crop and livestock insurance) to facilitate climate-resilient and risk-informed agricultural development process through investment on climate and weather information services.
vii. Promote the conservation and development of indigenous crops and livestock breeds that can withstand and adapt to harsh climate conditions.
viii. lmprove risk management and resilience capacity for the most vulnerable groups, including women, children, and socially disadvantaged groups.
ix. Prioritize the vulnerable ecosystems such as forests, arid and semi-arid lands, biodiversity, etc., where the challenges of desertification and land degradation are acute.
x. Develop and implement in-country pilot projects on climate change impacts on agriculture, for possible scaling up of best practices.
e) On Harnessing Investment Finance through Public-Private Partnerships, to
i. Sustain the momentum of allocating an increased percentage of national annual budgets to agriculture, in line with the 10% minimum commitments, also putting in place measure to ensure efficiency and effectiveness of these investments.
ii. Put in place mechanisms and systems to recognize and appreciate performance of Member states with respect to progress on commitments.
iii. Establish and/or strengthen inclusive public-private partnerships for at least five (5) priority agricultural commodity value chains with strong linkage to smallholder agriculture.
iv. Put in place and/or strengthen financing schemes that are friendly to smallholder enterprises to support their transition to viable businesses.
f) On harnessing the potentials of fisheries and aquaculture resources, to
i. Endorse the AU Policy framework and Reform strategy for fisheries and Aquaculture in Africa.
ii. II. Undertake reforms to address governance of fisheries and aquaculture and develop institutions that lead to sustainable fisheries and aquaculture in line with the AU policy framework and reform strategy for fisheries and aquaculture.
iii. Develop fisheries and aquaculture as an integral component of sustaining the CAADP momentum results framework
iv. Scale-up integrated aquaculture development as a means of increasing rural productivity and food security.
v. accelerate trade by promoting responsible and equitable fish trade and marketing in order to significantly harness the benefits of Africa’s fisheries and aquaculture endowments.
g) On sustaining the CAADP Momentum Results Framework, to
i. Endorse the CAADP Results Framework as a key tool for tracking, monitoring and reporting, monitoring and reporting progress as well as facilitating mutual learning and accountability for actions and results
ii. Strengthen Africa’s capacity for knowledge and data generation and management to support evidence based planning and implementation
iii. Strengthen platforms for regular peer review, mutual learning and mutual accountability.
a. The AU commission and NPCA to develop a strategy and roadmap that facilitates translation into results, of the vision and goals of the 2025 Africa Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation (3AGTG 2025)
b. The AU commission and NPCA in collaboration with partners to develop mechanisms that enhance Africa’s capacity for knowledge and data generation and management to strengthen evidence based and implementation.
c. The AU commission and NPCA, in collaboration with Africa relevant scientific institutions, undertake a study to explore the possibility of developing an African position on GMOs with a view to taking advantage of the opportunities that this may present.
d. The AU commission and NPCA to institutionalize a system for peer review that encourages good performance on commitments and periodically recognize exemplary performance through wards.
f. The AU commission, NPCA and RECs to establish African Centers of Excellence for Aquaculture, capture fisheries, biodiversity studies and oceanography to enhance capacity for fisheries and aquaculture research.
g. The RECs to support the efforts of member states in promoting responsible and equitable fish trade and marketing, through significantly harnessing the benefits of Africa’s fisheries and aquacultures endowments.
i. Development Partners to rally their technical and financial support in a harmonized and coordinated manner behind implementation of these resolutions.