The book is made up of five chapters,the entire book espouses interaction on solid minerals.It highlights workshop presentations that heralded the meeting which took place at Lamonde and Crest Hotels all in Jos plateau state. A total of eleven papers were presented at the two consultations. Some of the participants made the following contributions: Professor Asisi Asobie said that” I do hope that they will be able to identify not only the concrete dimensions of the NEITI process but also more importantly the distractive characteristics of the solid mineral sector in order to see what modifications we need to make in the NEITI approach to this very important sector. In his comment the Executive Director of CISLAC, Auwal Musa Rafsanjani, harped on the challenges of overcoming the problem associated with the extractive Industry sector.He exemplified such challenges as environmental pollutions in the Niger Delta region because of Oil and Gas exploration, soil despoliation arising from tin mining activities in North central Nigeria and coal mining crisis in some parts of the East.
Other presenters at the meeting such asDr. Peter I Ozo-Eson, believed that the revenues accruing to the national economy need to be maximised through an institutionalized process of ensuring transparent and accountable monitoring of the revenues due the Government. Solid minerals no doubt provide a source of potential wealth, which if properly managed will help to promote growth and development of the National economy. The Niger Delta has been described as exploited, misused, abused, polluted, underdeveloped, and almost completely death; like a cherry fruit sucked and discarded. The Niger Delta is a prodigious oil region and all the oil majors have their footprints here.The majority of Nigeria’s oil reserves are found there.
The presenters further opine that NEITI’s bold initiative is seeking transparency in oil industry operation in a structured manner.The primary concern of the organization is to ensure that sums paid into our national coffers are openly declared and proper taxes and other payments are made.
Moreover, the Nigeria mining sector is faced with the challenges of a sector dominated by informal activities such as: no tax revenues, limited contribution to the economy, investors perception of risk, poor governance, corruption, Governmentindiscretion, lack of track record, Social and environmental legacy from past mining operations etc.
The book then emphasizes the need for budget allocation to be monitored through public Expense review. Other actions to be taken include community investment agreement that will increase benefit of local communities, consultations with the Mining Communities in all phases of project development, contribution of mining companies to social infrastructures and jobs creation opportunities
The book concludes with recommendation of environmental sustainability. For oil to be extracted in a substantial way, environmental and social concerns must be taken very seriously. Profit and the size of foreign reserve cannot be the sole concern of the actors in this industry. The EIA is a necessary strategic environmental assessment needed to evaluate potential and actual impact of policies, programmes and plans with the purpose of mapping out direction and preparing plans for the mitigation of adverse result and or totally abandoning proposed paths of action.
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